Medini, Hayyim Hezekiah

   Palestinian rabbi. He was born in Jerusalem. From 1867 to 1899 he was a rabbi in Karasubazar in the Crimean peninsula. He subsequently moved to Palestine and settled in Hebron, where he founded a yeshivah. His Sede Hemed is a halakhic encyclopaedia.

Dictionary of Jewish Biography. .

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  • MEDINI, ḤAYYIM HEZEKIAH BEN RAPHAEL ELIJAH — (1832–1904), rabbi. Medini was born in Jerusalem. He studied under Isaac covo and Joseph Nissim burla . His father died in 1853, and in that same year he traveled to Constantinople where he stayed for 14 years. For a while he earned his living as …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • FORTI, JACOB RAPHAEL HEZEKIAH BEN ABRAHAM ISRAEL — FORTI (Heb. Hazak), JACOB RAPHAEL HEZEKIAH BEN ABRAHAM ISRAEL (1689–1782), Italian kabbalist. Forti studied under mordecai bassani in Verona and later under in Padua. He became chief rabbi of Padua, and Shabbetai Medini and Ariel Alatino were… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • KRIMCHAKS — (inhabitants of the crimea ), Jewish ethnic and linguistic community. Prior to World War II Krimchaks lived mainly in the Crimean peninsula. Before the Russian invasion of 1783 they called themselves Yehudi (Jew) or srel balalary (sons of Israel) …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • HEBRON — (Heb. חֶבְרוֹן; Ar. al Khalīl), city in Ereẓ Israel, 19 mi. (32 km.) S. of Jerusalem in the Judean Hills, 3,050 ft. (930 m.) above sea level. The name Hebron is explained as deriving from the root ḥbr (friend), the name Ḫabiru , or the Arabic… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • MANI — MANI, family in Iraq and Ereẓ Israel. According to family tradition, the family is of Davidic origin and its name is an acrostic of Mi Geza Neẓer Yishai. ELIJAH BEN SULEIMAN (1818–1899), one of the best known Iraqi rabbis, was born in Baghdad,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • BADHAV, ISAAC BEN MICHAEL — (1859–1947), Jerusalem rabbi and scholar. Badhav was born in Jerusalem and was the   maternal grandson of isaac covo . In his youth he studied in the bet ha midrash Doresh Zion and in the yeshivah Shevet Aḥim. He engaged to a considerable extent… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • CRIMEA — (Rus. Krym or Krim) (Heb. קְרִים), peninsula of South European Russia, on the Black Sea; from 1954 until 1991 an oblast of Ukrainian S.S.R. and from 1992 a repub lic of Ukraine. Late Antiquity and Early Middle Ages Jews first settled in the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • KARASUBAZAR — (from 1945 Belogorsk), city in Crimea oblast, Ukraine, the main community of the Crimean Jews (Krimchaks). In 1595, Selameth Girey Khan granted the Jews of Karasubazar a privilege according them far reaching concessions with regard to taxes and… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • KLATZKIN, ELIJAH BEN NAPHTALI HERZ — (1852–1932), rabbi and author. Klatzkin s father (1823–1894) was rabbi of Ushpol (1851–58), where Elijah was born, and later of Schoemberg (Courland). Elijah was known in his childhood as the Shklover Illui ( child prodigy of Shklov ). He is said …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • POPULATION — THE JEWISH POPULATION Growth by Aliyah In 1882 the Jewish population of Ereẓ Israel numbered some 24,000, roughly 5% of the total, and about 0.3% of the world Jewish population. Since then there has been an almost continuous flow of aliyah, which …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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